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About FunkSolid

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    Fish Führer

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    Aquariums, Science, and Medicine.

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  1. New Tank - Stumped

    I have some thoughts as well. First: I would avoid using fish like Tetras in cycling because they have evolved in (roughly speaking) acidic water, and do not tolerate ammonia well (assuming you have water with a pH >7). Typically people use fish with a better osmoregulation mechanism for ammonia to like good old gold fish. Second: The temperature of the water directly affects the speed of bacteria division. Thus cooler, room-temperature water will slow the cycle down, especially compared to something at 80F. I would trying bringing the temp up to 80 until your cycling, then gradually lower it. HTH Andrew
  2. Fluval FX6 Flow?

    I have been very impressed with the FX6. Its super quiet, flows beautifully, and is easy to maintain. I would certainly recommend it to anyone.
  3. I can think of two answers for why the UGF was selected against, and went the day of the dinosaur… Actually lets pick a better example because some dinosaurs still live today. How about went the way of the Irish Elk. 1. Money – Aquarium supply companies figured out they could make more money by introducing monthly disposable filter cartridges. By filling them with minimally effective carbon, and forcing you to throw out a huge quantity of biofilms every month with your cartridge, they can generate more revenue. I think that’s why HOB’s emerged (excuse the pun) because the individuals interested in selling them could make more money. Once filtration move outside the tank then technology pushed things along. 2. Technology – The technology has replaced your substrate with bio-media, and super-effective ion exchange chemical media. Consider the new chemical media being introduced, its placed even more impetus to use sumps, HOB’s and canisters. And now that some of those can be regenerated, its becoming even more lucrative to use them. Secondly, the industry has made huge advances in bio-media and increased the affordability of them, which also makes UGF obsolete. For example, you can have a fully customizable FX6, with lots of Purigen and Biohome Ultimate, and then you can use your Python to vacuum the sand, and keep everything clean and aerobic. All the while getting massive water flow through the canister also allowing for HUGE increases to bioload inside the tank. I know someone with 3 – FX6’s on one 140 Gallon tank. I think it’s a bit nutty, but it allows for some ridiculous ideas. Ideas that could never be supported by a UGF. HTH
  4. Arapaima For Sale

    I never thought I would ever see one of these for sale... In Calgary... On Kijiji! I could be naive, but have never laid eyes on one in a home or fishstore (I did see them at the Vancouver Aquarium). The red coloration is amazing as well. I dont have a 10,000 Gallon tank so I have to pass, but I am still totally shocked to see it. What do you think? Have you ever seen these for sale in Alberta before (am I naive)? http://www.kijiji.ca/v-fish/calgary/super-super-rare-arapaima/1250476856?enableSearchNavigationFlag=true Andrew
  5. Tap water and ammonia

    Epcor does not disclose Ammonia/Ammonium in their monthly report so its hard to find any good data on it. I would be really careful jumping to conclusions considering how crude our crude colorimetric assays are, and their huge limitations. They are still useful, and I own a kit or two (both API) but its more of a qualitative than quantitative measurement. I would trust your local Edmonton legends (who have already commented), and use your Seachem Prime faithfully. If your still worried, you could roll some Purigen or other chemical media with ammonia/ammonium absorption capabilities for a while post water-changes to try and absorb it. HTH Andrew
  6. HELP! Mbuna cichlids eating other Mbuna

    P. demasoni are not obligate herbivores. And I think that is the first issue here, the popular fallacy that they are. The gods of African Cichlids like Ad Konings have made the observation that they do seem to primary eat algae on the rocks, but they also happily consume the incidental invertebrates that are in the green stuff. Knowing that they do consume and tolerate animal protein then leads to the key factor of proportionality. With the correlation of animal protein and “Malawi bloat” its been posited that feeding a low animal protein and high vegetable (proportionality) diet will keep their digestive motility high and reduce the change of opportunistic pathogens (like anaerobic bacteria) from causing problems. All that to say, they have evolved to eat animal protein (to some extent), and probably will if given the opportunity. I have hundreds of demasoni in my tanks, and I have seen the smaller fry pick each other off, and use predatory-like behavior when one is weak or slow. And who knows, the beautiful bright yellow labs from Dwayne may be extra enticing? HTH Andrew
  7. Cycled, Established, Mature

    In my experience... Cycled - A tank that is older than 30 days (on average) that has the ability to produce Nitrates. A tank that you could probably start adding fish to. Established / Mature - A tank that is proven to be chemically stable, and has been reliable over an extended period of time. A tank that you could probably ad expensive fish to. HTH Andrew
  8. what would you do???

    What does your water chemistry look like?
  9. Riverfront Aquariums Finale

    Thanks for the insight Harold. I guess its my turn. One thing that I think needs to be mentioned is that Riverfront had multiple serious infractions previous to the big 300 animal one. Wayne was given the riot act and fined multiple times before this, and he knew that the justice for animals vigilantes were hot on his case. Knowing all this I wonder why he did not either comply with the demands of the authorities, or stop the sale of the problematic animals? I agree with the popular sentiment about the fish side of their operation, they (in my opinion) did a good job with them, and their fish keeping practices were no different from any other store. I think most of Wayne’s practices were overt, and not covert like most other places which in the eyes of the justice for animals vigilantes is unacceptable. For example I went there one day and I saw a garbage bin full of hatchet fish flopping around, and the dude said “they are hopeless”. I was shocked at how overt that was, and that they would not euthanize them somewhere or someway else. Riverfront and their 2 for 1 sales were my primary source for fish when I entered the hobby a few years ago, and I had many helpful conversations with Wayne and his wife helping me out as a noob. Today I still appreciate their contribution to the beautiful aquarium systems I have to this day, but I also agree that the stores that sell fish, and are perceived by our community as “experts” need to be held to a higher standard, which, moving forward, might need to shift a little bit one way in the profit-husbandry continuum.
  10. Paying special attention to avoiding polemical or polarizing comments, what do you think of the decision handed down to Wayne (Riverfront) yesterday? I'd like to know your opinion on it. Thanks - Andrew
  11. Hi friends I emailed Spencer this morning looking into getting fish for (Tuesday?) going to Calgary. Let me know if you want to split up some shipping. Thank You (Texting is best because I will be in the lab a lot for the next 48 hours) Andrew 403-464-3865
  12. Fluval FX6 Flow?

    Just purchased a FX6 (Petsmart had an unbelievable deal for $275) and I am wanting to setup this filter correctly, so that the fine mechanical media is placed BEFORE my bio so that the pores in the bio dont clog up with crap (As per PondGuru). Considering this, do I place the fine mech on the top tray or bottom? I dont use chemical media so the center is just gonna be fine mech + bio. Thanks Friends
  13. More Mollies

    The best thing to do is take a good HD video of them, upload it to the YouTubes, then post a link on this forum so that the oracles can have a good look. I have done it many times and its worked out really well.
  14. What To Do With Too Many Fish?

    Between posting on Kijiji, and this forum, I typically sell stuff in less than a week.
  15. Mixing Little Tropheus?

    Got the time and the balls to pull out all the rocks out of my 140 and try and catch my first females who I knew were holding. I then stripped them into a 10 gallon and I am still in shock and awe of the evolutionary adaptation of mouth-brooding. I think 10 - 3/4" little guys came out and mom is only... 2.5 - 3" long! Truly an amazing thing to observe and hold in your hands (please excuse my first time excitement), but nature is inspiring. I have some 1-1.5" Tropheus (same species) in a 30 gallon, and I would like to add these new fry I just stripped. I'm brand new to these guys and i want to make sure there wont be any con-specific predation going on. Will they all get along? Thanks Andrew